Advantages and Disadvantages


  • Railroad transportation is a fast, green, safe , and efficient way of transporting heavy loads across the country.
  • It is responsible for moving over million of tons of goods every year, distributing groceries to the markets, coal to  power stations and removing waste from the cities.
  • Rail haulage is more fuel efficient than road haulage. Less fuel is needed to haul a ton of goods by rail than by road, saving both money and limiting the amount of greenhouse gas that is release. On average, a gallon of fuel will move a ton of goods 246 miles on rail, but only 88 miles by road.
  • It expedites long distance travel and transports tons of goods, which are not easily transported through motor vehicles.


  • The railway requires a large investment of capital. The cost of building, preservation and overhead expenses are very high as compared to other types of transport. Moreover, the investments are specific and immobile. In case the traffic is not sufficient, the investments may mean wastage of huge resources.
  • Another disadvantage of railway transport is its inflexibility. Its routes and timings cannot be adjusted to individual needs.
  • Lack of direct protection of shipment (theft, misplacing)
  • Delay due to weather or tracks being damaged.

Work Cited




About 24138

Hello! My name is Sang Lau. I will be attending Sumner Academy as a senior this coming fall. I consider myself as a person who is passionate and athletic when it comes to sports such as basketball and soccer. I am very energetic and competitive when I’m playing a sport that I enjoy.